The department was established and started to conduct its activities in 1946. The breeding and research works on geese have been conducted interruptedly since 1962 and allowed for consolidation of genetic utility features of the goose population and giving the population a trade name of “Gęś Biała Kołudzka®”, which is presently deemed a separate variety. Gęś Biała Kołudzka® is kept in ecological conditions, fed with natural feeds and it can walk on meadows, pastures, garden and orchards and, therefore, it can choose the food it needs and likes.
Additionally, it is fed with unlimited quantity of rye seeds, which guarantees high quality of meat and fat. As regards breeding and rearing of sheep, an undisputable achievement was to create and register a mother strain referred to as „the sheep of Kołuda”. Since 1992, as a result of research in sheep rearing, they prepared and implemented a technology of farm production of sheep cheese such as, among other, smoked cheese, semi-hard cheese, spread cheese, brine cheese, quark and yoghurts made from pasteurised sheep milk. Raw materials for cheese production are obtained mechanically from the sheep bred in the Department. Sheep is fed with natural farm feds and in the summer it additionally uses the department pastures.