Vitebsk region - one of the six regions of Belarus, formed January 15, 1938, located in the north-east of the country.
Vitebsk region is bordered by Russia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Vitebsk - the regional administrative center.
Vitebsk region includes the Euroregion "Country of Lakes". There are over 2,800 lakes, more than 500 rivers.
Its area - 40100 km2.
Forests cover more than one third of the territory of the region, about 60% of whom are old pine woods.
Vitebsk Region population
- 1mln.208 thousand people live in the area
- More than 70% of the population lives in cities and towns
- 85% of the population are Belarusians
- 10% 2 - Russian
The main religion - Orthodoxy.
The region consists of 21 districts and 4 cities of regional subordination.
TRANSPORTATION TALK VITEBSK REGION
Vitebsk region borders with three countries and has developed road Ifrastruktura. Through the region are few roads of international importance.
The length of railways in the Vitebsk region exceeds 1,200 km. The main railway junctions - Vitebsk, Orsha and Polotsk.
Through the region are international rail routes linking Russia with Ukraine, flattered, Lithuania.
On the territory of the region occur several rivers, the largest of them: Western Dvina, Dnieper.
Vitebsk is the airport.
INDUSTRY VITEBSK REGION
Vitebsk region - developed industrial region of Belarus.
More than 30% of the working population is employed in the industry.
Among the main areas of industry:
- Production of electricity
The main industrial centers are: Vitebsk, Polotsk, Orsha.
Vitebsk is a free economic zone "Vitebsk"
Natural wealth VITEBSK REGION
Vitebsk region abundant deposits minerals.
- Mineral water.
Agriculture in the Vitebsk REGION
Agricultural lands occupy 1.2 million hectares. The livestock sector occupies 55% of agro-industrial complex, crop - 45%. Agricultural enterprises focused on getting milk, pig meat, the cultivation of flax, grain, vegetables,
Developed lake-fish farms,
CULTURE AND THE MEDIA
Vitebsk region has a rich cultural heritage - more than 3 thousand arheyalogii monuments, history, culture and architecture.
In the 28 museums, 2 theaters, a philharmonic. Vitebsk region - the birthplace of the famous international festival "Slavic Bazaar in Vitebsk".
In the 25 state-owned newspapers published.
Known names associated with the Vitebsk region
Vitebsk region boasts the names of famous countrymen, have left their mark in the global culture.
Polotsk born and lived:
- Euphrosyne of Polotsk - Orthodox saint and luminal
- Francis Skaryna - Belarusian first
- Simeon of Polotsk - educator and poet of the Middle Ages
- Ivan Khrutsky - artist
Near the city of Vitebsk was a manor of Russian artist Ilya Repin. His homestead in the village Zdravnevo. Now here is a museum of the artist.
Renowned scientist and Eastern Siberia, namesake Verkhoyansk Mountains - Cherskii Ivan, who was born in this Verhnedvinsky area.
Marc Chagall - was born in Vitebsk in 1887. The city remained his home, which today is a museum of the artist.
Also worked in Vitebsk Kazimir Malevich, El Lissitzky.
Alexander Pushkin, Ivan Lazhechnikav, Ivan Bunin, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Gleb Uspensky also have historical ties with the Vitebsk region.